Raymond A. Saumure
Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
Department of Natural Resource Sciences
Montréal, Québec, Canada
Ph.D. Wildlife Biology (2004)
Dissertation: Spatial Ecology and Conservation of the North American Wood Turtle
(Glyptemys insculpta) in a Fragmented Agri-Forest Landscape.
Publications: Saumure, R.A., R.D. Titman, and T.B. Herman. 2007. Effects of haying and
agricultural practices on a declining species: the North American Wood
Turtle, Glyptemys insculpta. Biological Conservation 135:581–591. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., T.B. Herman, and R.D. Titman. 2010. Effects of patch size
and habitat structure on the movements of Glyptemys insculpta. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 5:403–413. [PDF]
M.Sc. Wildlife Biology (1997)
Thesis: Growth, Mutilation, and Age Structure of Two Populations of Wood Turtles
(Clemmys insculpta) in Southern Québec.
Publication: Saumure, R.A., and J.R. Bider. 1998. Impact of agricultural development on
a population of Wood Turtles (Clemmys insculpta) in southern Québec,
Canada. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3:37–45. [PDF]
University of Guelph
College of Biological Science
Department of Integrative Biology
Guelph, Ontario, Canada
B.Sc. Biology (1993)
Head of Research Division
The Springs Preserve
Las Vegas Valley Water District
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
January 2005 to Present
Participated in the successful opening of the $250 million Las Vegas Springs Preserve.
Assisted with acquisition of $12 million Southern Nevada Public Lands Management Act (SNPLMA) grant. Currently assisting Engineering Division with
the drafting and review of plans and request for proposals to add a hiking trail, restore historic railroad cottages, and restore water to the historic Las Vegas Creek.
Acquisition and quarantine of all Living Collections animals from California and Arizona.
Initiated, funded, coordinated, and published a multi-agency study on the genetic identity of the extinct Vegas Valley Leopard Frog. Study revealed that the
only North American frog believed to have gone extinct in recent history is not extinct!
Supervised seven staff members including Archaeologist, Registrar, Restoration Ecologist, Senior Zoologist, and three Zoologists. Also responsible for
as many as eleven university-level scientific/technical interns and the occasional task-specific docents.
Reviewed construction and exhibit blueprints for the LEED Platinum Visitor Center, worked through change work orders, and created punch list for Living
Designed (i.e., layout, electrical, plumbing, HVAC, caging) and supervised the construction of a $250,000 Animal Biosafety Level II quarantine facility.
Redesigned outdoor lizard pit into three climate-controlled exhibits ($200,000) and supervised the construction of all animal-related exhibits.
Obtained grant and worked with NV Energy to install “raptor protectors” on power lines that bisects the Springs Preserve.
Implemented Environmental Management System with goal of ISO 140001 certification; internal audit recently completed with only the most minor of
issues raised. Wrote, reviewed and/or edited hundreds of documents required for certification, such as standard operating procedures and process flow
Designed a user interface for a Living Collections module for “KE Emu” archival software used by Research and Curation Divisions.
Reviewed and copy edited hundreds of static interpretive panel texts for the Visitor Center, Desert Living Center, Desert Demonstration Gardens, and
Reviewed numerous state-of-the-art educational films, animations and video games.
Compiled and implemented several habitat restoration plans in concert with Restoration Ecologist and Archaeologist for the Springs Preserve, a
National Historic Site.
Responsible for acquisition, reporting, and renewal of state and federal wildlife permits.
Drafted job descriptions for, and hired, a Senior Zoologist, Zoologists, Registrar, and Archaeologist.
Drafted and managed up to $1.3 million Research Division annual budget.
Conducted facility-wide training on the identification, natural history, and best practices when working on a site with Africanized bees, Bark Scorpions, Desert Recluse, Black Widows, etc.
Coordinated with the Southern Nevada Health District and Las Vegas Animal Control on all public safety issues including monitoring of potential
disease vectors (e.g., mosquitoes, feral / invasive species)
Senior Conservation Biologist
Shark Reef at Mandalay Bay
Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino &
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
April 2000 to February 2003
- Participated in the successful opening of a $50 million for-profit aquarium managed by the Vancouver Aquarium and Marine Science Center.
- As a senior manager, reported to the Director of Shark Reef and advised him on all animal-related matters.
- Conducted field research on the Western Pond Turtle (Actinemys marmorata) with a colleague in Chico, California.
- Developed and published a new technique to capture and transport crocodilians in captivity.
- Advised the Curatorial staff on the biology and husbandry of 17 species of sharks, as well as all reptile species.
- Supervised four Aquarists assigned to the Husbandry Center quarantine facility.
- Designed and implemented an animal inventory database in Microsoft Access.
- Compiled a Procedures and Protocols Manual that encompassed everything from husbandry standards to an emergency response plan.
- Drafted and implemented a dangerous reptile security protocols for potential crocodilian emergencies. Included annual firearms training with .44
magnum bang stick.
- Implemented a PIT tagging program to aid in monitoring the health of all elasmobranches, moray eels, and reptiles residing at the aquarium; not a
typical practice in the aquarium world at the time.
- Successfully managed the Association of Zoos and Aquariums accreditation process, making Shark Reef the only AZA accredited facility in Nevada.
- Donated $70,000 to worthy projects such as the Nature Conservancy’s in situ Komodo Dragon research, and satellite tracking of Green Sea Turtles
(Chelonia mydas) by the Caribbean Conservation Corporation.
- Managed a $240,000 research budget.
- Simultaneously began drafting of Ph.D. dissertation.
Animal Health Technician
Biodôme de Montréal
City of Montréal
December 1997 to April 2000
- Responsible for the husbandry of a collection of approximately 30 species of amphibians and reptiles, 13 species of mammals, and 40 species of birds
residing in one of five mesocosms (i.e., Tropical Rainforest, Laurentian Forest, St. Lawrence Marine Ecosystem, North Pole, and South Pole).
- Designed and conducted a study on the population ecology of Giant Toads (Bufo marinus) inhabiting the Tropical Rainforest mesocosm.
- Produced a dichotomous turtle eggshells key for Québec freshwater turtles.
- Simultaneously completed the field research portion of my Ph.D. at McGill University.
Biodôme de Montréal
City of Montréal
October 1993 to December 1997
- Used novel educational methods to engage and entertain the public, while explaining complex ecological processes within five large-scale mesocosms.
- Developed superior educational abilities while teaching 8 hours / day for four years.
- Worked with all age groups in settings ranging from impromptu discussions and classroom presentations to guided VIP and technical tours of the facility.
- Simultaneously pursued and completed my M.Sc. at McGill University.
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
Southern Region, Aylmer District Office
April to August 1992
- Set up & monitored amphibian transects during the pilot year of amphibian monitoring in Canada.
- Coordinated the project and five students during supervisor’s paternity leave.
- Initiated an independent mark-recapture study of five species of freshwater turtles at the Big Creek National Wildlife Area on Lake Erie.
Visitor Services Coordinator
Carillon Provincial Park
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources
April to September 1991
- Supervised two employees and administered the entire summer education program, which included everything from scheduling to press releases.
- Gave daily bilingual presentations on animal ecology, biodiversity, and conservation; These included guided walking and canoe hikes, as well as
Hekkala, E.R., R.A. Saumure, J.R. Jaeger, H.-W. Herrmann, M. Sredl, M. Culver, D. Bradford, D. Drabeck, and M.J. Blum. 2011. Resurrecting an extinct species: Archival DNA, taxonomy, and conservation of the Vegas Valley Leopard Frog. Conservation Genetics DOI 10.1007/s10592-011-0229-6. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., T.B. Herman, and R.D. Titman. 2010. Effects of patch size and habitat structure on the movements of Glyptemys insculpta. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 5:403–413. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 2010. Herpetological Conservation and Biology: Metamorphosis. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 5:i. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 2010. Rapport sur la situation de la Tortue Musquée (Sternotherus odoratus) au Québec. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune
du Québec, Faune Québec. [French] [PDF]
Grogan, W.L., Jr., R.A. Saumure, J. Maceachern, L. Allen, and M.D. Pulsifer. 2009. Glyptemys insculpta (Wood Turtle). Ectoparasites. Herpetological Review 40:333–334. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 2009. Herpetological Conservation and Biology: Milestones. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 4:i–ii. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 2008. Book Review: Biology of Turtles. Herpetological Bulletin 106:42–44. Rhodin, A.G.J., P.C.H. Pritchard, P.P. van Dijk, R.A. Saumure, K.A. Buhlmann, and J.B. Iverson (Eds.). 2008. The Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises. Chelonian Research Monographs 5. [PDF]
Walde, A.D., and R.A. Saumure. 2008. Glyptemys insculpta (Wood Turtle). Maximum Clutch Size. Herpetological Review 39:82. [PDF]
Walde, A.D., P.J. Baker, and R.A. Saumure. 2008. Glyptemys insculpta (Wood Turtle). Hatchling Behavior. Herpetological Review 39:81–82. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 2007. Herpetological Conservation and Biology: A successful first year. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 2:i–iii. [PDF]
Walde, A.D., J.R. Bider, D. Masse, R.A. Saumure, and R.D. Titman. 2007. Nesting ecology and hatching success of the Wood Turtle, Glyptemys insculpta, in Québec. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 2:49–60. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., R.D. Titman, and T.B. Herman. 2007. Effects of haying and agricultural practices on a declining species: the North American Wood Turtle, Glyptemys insculpta. Biological Conservation 135: 581–591. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 2007. Actinemys marmorata. Pp. 227 In Ecology, Conservation and Status of Reptiles in Canada. Seburn, C.N.L., and C.A. Bishop (Eds.).
Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.
Herpetological Conservation 2. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., A.D. Walde, and T.A. Wheeler. 2006. Nonpredatory fly larvae (Delia platura: Anthomyiidae) discovered in the nest of a Northern Map Turtle (Graptemys geographica). Chelonian Conservation and Biology 5:274–275. [PDF]
Steen, D.A., M.J. Aresco, S.G. Beilke, B.W. Compton, E.P. Condon, C.K. Dodd, Jr., H. Forrester, J.W. Gibbons, J.L. Greene, G. Johnson, T.A. Langen, M.J.
Oldham, D.N. Oxier, R.A. Saumure, F.W. Schueler, J. Sleeman, L.L. Smith, J.K. Tucker, and J.P. Gibbs. 2006. Relative vulnerability of female turtles to road
mortality. Animal Conservation 9:269–273. [PDF]
Bury, R.B., M.L. McCallum, D.J. Germano, R.A. Saumure, and S.E. Trauth. 2006. A revisit of a classic paper by Norm Scott on amphibian and reptile community ecology. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 1:133–134. [PDF]
Bury, R.B., M.L. McCallum, S.E. Trauth, and R.A. Saumure. 2006. Dawning of Herpetological Conservation and Biology: A special welcome to your new journal. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 1:i–iii. [PDF]
Walde, A.D., and R.A. Saumure. 2006. Apalone ferox (Florida Softshell Turtle). Predation. Herpetological Review 37:77. [PDF]
Plan de rétablissement de cinq espèces de tortues au Québec pour les années 2005 à 2010 : la tortue des bois (Glyptemys insculpta), la tortue
géographique (Graptemys geographica), la tortue mouchetée (Emydoidea blandingii), la tortue musquée (Sternotherus odoratus) et la tortue ponctuée
(Clemmys guttata). 2005. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, Québec. 57 pages. [French] [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., B. Freiermuth, J. Jundt, L. Rowlett, and J. Jewell. 2002. A new technique for the safe capture and transport of crocodilians in captivity.
Herpetological Review 33:294–296. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 2001. Kyphosis in a Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus) from Ontario, Canada. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 4:159. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., and J.C. Beane. 2001. Clemmys muhlenbergii (Bog Turtle). Ectoparasites. Herpetological Review 32:38. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 2001. Limb mutilations in Snapping Turtles, Chelydra serpentina. Canadian Field-
Naturalist 115:182–184. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., and J.S. Doody. 2000. Carettochelys insculpta (Pig-nosed Turtle). Ectoparasites. Herpetological Review 31:237–238. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., and J.R. Bider. 1998. Impact of agricultural development on a population of Wood Turtles (Clemmys insculpta) in southern Québec, Canada. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3:37–45. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., and J.S. Doody. 1998. Amphiuma tridactylum (Three-toed Amphiuma). Ectoparasites. Herpetological Review 29:163. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., and S.L. Carter. 1998. Clemmys muhlenbergii (Bog Turtle). Parasites. Herpetological Review 29:98. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A., and D. Rodrigue. 1998. Albino Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina). Canadian Field- Naturalist 112:344. [PDF]
Graham, T.E., R.A. Saumure, and B. Ericson. 1997. Map Turtle winter leech loads. Journal of Parasitology 83:1185–1186. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 1997. Thesis abstracts in Canadian Herpetology: Growth, mutilation, and age structure of two populations of Wood Turtles (Clemmys insculpta)
in southern Québec. Bulletin of the Canadian Association of Herpetologists 11:18–19.
Saumure, R.A., and J.R. Bider. 1996. Clemmys insculpta (Wood Turtle). Ectoparasites. Herpetological Review 27:197–198. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 1996. No fish for frogs. Canadian Wildlife / Biosphère Vol. 2. July/August Issue, p. 5.
Saumure, R.A. 1996. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle). Herpetological Review 27:150. [PDF]
Colt, L.C. Jr., R.A. Saumure, and S. Baskinger. 1995. First record of the algal genus Basicladia (Chlorophyta, Cladophorales) in Canada. Canadian Field-
Naturalist 109:454–455. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 1995. Frog Alert. Canadian Wildlife / Biosphère Vol. 1. March/April Issue, p. 39.
Saumure, R.A., and P.J. Livingston. 1994. Graptemys geographica (Common Map Turtle). Parasites. Herpetological Review 25:121. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 1993. Long Point turtle news. Bulletin of the Canadian Association of Herpetologists 7:22–23.
Saumure, R.A. 1993. Rana clamitans (Green Frog). Albinism. Herpetological Review 24:31. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 1993. Rana catesbeiana (Bullfrog). Predation. Herpetological Review 24:30. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 1992. Clemmys insculpta (Wood Turtle). Size. Herpetological Review 23:116. [PDF]
Saumure, R.A. 1990. Emydoidea blandingi (Blanding’s Turtle). Parasites. Herpetological Review 21:60. [PDF]
High School Publication
Saumure, R.A. 1985. Wood Turtle (Clemmys insculpta). Chorus: Newsletter of the Ottawa Amphibian and Reptile Association 2(6):3–4. [PDF]